Listen America…the land of the free …the home of the brave …these are phrases Americans sing frequently. The President of the United States is often referred to as the leader of the free world. Americans often quote the Declaration of Independence when discussing their freedoms. But the freedoms Americans cherish were not free.
It had a large, well-organized land army, and the Royal Navy was unmatched on the sea. On the other hand, the Americans had only a collection of undisciplined militiamen who had never fought before.
The American navy was small and no match for the thousand ships in the royal fleet. American Strengths Nonetheless, the Americans believed that they did have a strong chance of success.
They had a lot at stake: Perhaps most important, they were also fighting a popular war—a majority of the colonists were patriots who strongly supported the fight for independence. Finally, though most Americans had no previous military experience, their militia units were usually close-knit bands of men, often neighbors, who served together in defense of their own homes.
They elected their own officers—usually men who did have some military training but who also knew the territory well. This native officer corps was a great source of strength, and as a result, American morale was generally higher than morale in the Royal Army.
To the British forces, the North American terrain was unusually rugged: New England was rocky and cold in winter, the South was boggy and humid in the summer, and the western frontier was almost impenetrable because of muddy roads and thick forests.
In addition, because American settlements were spread out across a vast range of territory, the British had difficulty mounting a concentrated fight and transporting men and supplies. American troops, on the other hand, were used to the terrain and had little trouble.
Finally, the distance between England and the United States put a great strain on Britain, which spent a great deal of time, energy, and money ferrying soldiers and munitions back and forth across the Atlantic.
The Battle of Saratoga After numerous battles, the turning point in the war came in at the Battle of Saratoga in upstate New York. When American forces won, their victory encouraged France to pledge its support for the United States in the Franco-American Alliance of A year later, Spain followed suit and also entered the war against Britain.
Spain, hoping to see Britain driven out of North America, had tacitly supported the Americans by providing them with munitions and supplies since the beginning of the war. Their entry as combatants took pressure off the Americans, as Britain was forced to divert troops to fight the Spanish elsewhere.
Finally, the Netherlands entered the war against Britain in Continuing Popular Support Though the war went on for several years, American popular support for it, especially after France and Spain entered the fray, remained high.
The motivation for rebellion remained strong at all levels of society, not merely among American military and political leaders. Many historians believe that it was this lasting popular support that ultimately enabled the United States to fight as long as it did. French and Spanish assistance certainly helped the Americans, but without the grassroots support of average Americans, the rebellion would have quickly collapsed.
In Parliament, many Whigs a group of British politicians representing the interests of religious dissenters, industrialists, and others who sought reform denounced the war as unjust.Before the first shots were fired in the American War of Independence, very few people gave the Americans (also known as the "colonists" or "patriots") a chance.
Britain had a population of 11 million compared to the patriots million of whom 20% were slaves. Furthermore Britain had the most /5(11). Why did the Americans win the War of Independence? Before the first shots were fired in the American War of Independence, very few people gave the Americans (also known as the 'colonists' or 'patriots') a .
Also known as the American Revolution and the United States War of Independence, the conflict would quickly grow from a small civil war to a full-blown international conflict.
By the time the British surrendered at Yorktown, Virginia, in , the Americans had basically won their independence.
Why did the Americans win the War of Independence? Before the first shots were fired in the American War of Independence, very few people gave the Americans (also known as the 'colonists' or 'patriots') a /5(4). British Strengths. When war erupted in , it seemed clear that Britain would initiativeblog.com had a large, well-organized land army, and the Royal Navy was unmatched on the initiativeblog.com of the British troops in the Revolutionary War were veterans who had fought in the French and Indian War.
Longing to transform England's rule as a result that the colonies would be regulated legitimately, the earlier fathers struggled no revolution, only a war for Independence "in which Americans threw off British authority in order to retain their liberties and self-government." (Woods, year, pp.