Augustine on evil

General forms[ edit ] The Augustinian theodicy was first distinguished as a form of theodicy by John Hick in Evil and the God of Love, written inin which he classified Augustine's theodicy and its subsequent developments as "Augustinian".

Augustine on evil

The existence of evil is one of the most vexing challenges a Christian--or any person, for that matter-- must grapple with.

Augustine on evil

For much of his life he worked hard at a solution. His insight is intellectually credible and emotionally satisfying in that it gives hope and offers meaning to the Christian trying to make sense out of life in a fallen world.

Two Aspects of the Problem The problem of evil can be phrased in several ways. One approach addresses the origin of evil, prompting the syllogism a series of statements that form a reasoned argument: If the first two premises are true, the conclusion is inescapable.

This formulation, if Augustine on evil, is devastating for Christianity. God would not be good if He knowingly created evil. Augustine realized that the solution was tied to the question: The argument above depends on the idea that evil is a thing note the second premise.

But what if evil is not a "thing" in that sense? Then evil did not need creating. If so, our search for the source of evil will take us in a another direction Augustine approached the problem from a different angle.

Do we have any convincing evidence that a good God exists? If independent evidence leads us to conclude that God exists and is good, then He would be incapable of creating evil.

Something else, then, must be its source. The key to success here, is the truthfulness of two premises. If Augustine can offer evidence through natural theology that God exists as Creator and also that God is good, making everything He created also good, then the conclusion--evil is not a thing--automatically follows.

Existence of hell

If evil is not a thing, then the case against Christianity stated in the original syllogism is unsound because one of its premises is false. The critical question is: To Augustine, anything that had being was good.

Augustine on evil

God as the ground of being was perfectly good, along with everything he brought into being. This goodness was a property that came in varying degrees.

With this foundation Augustine was now prepared to answer the key issue: What is its root, and what its seed? Or hath it no being? If there were no deprivation, there would be no injury. Since all things were made with goodness, evil must be the privation of goodness: Good has substantial being; evil does not.

It is like a moral hole, a nothingness that results when goodness is removed. Just as a shadow is no more than a "hole" in light, evil is a hole in goodness.City of God (Image Classics) [St.

Augustine] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. No book except the Bible itself had a greater influence on the Middle Ages than City of God. Since medieval Europe was the cradle of today’s Western civilization.

From his conversion to his episcopate (386-395)

Augustine On Evil What Is Evil and How Does It Arise? Augustine's world, in the best Platonic fashion, is hierarchically arranged.

The principle of ordering in this hierarchy is based on intrinsic is, the higher on the scheme of things, the better or more worthy. Christian belief systems Competing theories of eschatology, end times, and millennialism. Sponsored link. Terminology: Eschatology is a Christian term that means the study of the end of history from a religious perspective.

Probably more obscure theological text has been written on this topic than on any other belief in Christendom. PART THREE LIFE IN CHRIST.

SECTION ONE MAN'S VOCATION LIFE IN THE SPIRIT. CHAPTER ONE THE DIGNITY OF THE HUMAN PERSON. ARTICLE 8 SIN. I. MERCY AND SIN. The Gospel is the revelation in Jesus Christ of God's mercy to sinners. The angel announced to Joseph: "You shall call his name Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins." The same is true of the .

More on marital chastity in my book: The Catholic Marriage Bed Question -- Are unnatural sexual acts moral to use as foreplay, prior to an act of natural marital relations open to life?

The great St. Augustine's life is unfolded to us in documents of unrivaled richness, and of no great character of ancient times have we information comparable to that contained in the "Confessions", which relate the touching story of his soul, the "Retractations," which give the history of his mind.

SparkNotes: Saint Augustine (A.D. –): Themes, Arguments, and Ideas