A vowel may be placed between consonants to separate them. Other contexts While epenthesis most often occurs between two vowels or two consonants, it can also occur between a vowel and a consonant, or at the ends of words. Here there is no epenthesis from a historical perspective, since the a-t is derived from Latin habet he hasand the t is therefore the original third person verb inflection.
As a grammatical rule Epenthesis often breaks up a consonant cluster or vowel sequence that is not permitted by the phonotactics of a language.
Regular or semiregular epenthesis commonly occurs in languages which use affixes. Vocalic epenthesis typically occurs when words are borrowed from a language that has consonant clusters or syllable codas that are not permitted in the borrowing language, though this is not always the cause.
Languages use various vowels for this purpose, though schwa is quite common when it is available.
In informal speech Epenthesis most often occurs within unfamiliar or complex consonant clusters. Epenthesis is sometimes used for humorous or childlike effect. For example, the cartoon character Yogi Bear says "pic-a-nic basket" for "picnic basket.
Some apparent occurrences of epenthesis, however, have a separate cause: Some regional dialects also use [e] for voiced consonant clusters.
In Finnish In Finnishthere are two epenthetic vowels and two nativization vowels. There is no schwa in Finnish; the term "schwa" is often confused with the epenthetic vowel. The second one is [e], connecting stems that have historically been consonant stems to their case endings, e.
In standard Finnish, consonant clusters may not be broken by epenthetic vowels; foreign words undergo consonant deletion rather than addition of vowels.
However, modern loans may not end in consonants. Even if the word, such as a personal name, is not loaned, a paragogic vowel is needed to connect a consonantal case ending to the word.
A type of epenthesis occurring in sign language is known as "movement epenthesis," and occurs most commonly during the boundary between signs as the hands move from the posture required by the first sign to the posture required by the next. My project focused on Epenthesis. Reflection: This presentation was the first of three that were required in the class, and involved us doing research on ASL linguistics, writing a paper, and giving a presentation on the research. Another explanation for epenthesis is that epenthesis is a pattern of correspondence that Spanish speakers perceive to hold between foreign and native words. Some patterns of correspondence involve substituting a native phone for a foreign one.
Finnish has moraic consonants, of which L, H and N are of interest in this case. In standard Finnish, these are slightly intensified when preceding a consonant in a medial cluster, e. Some dialects, like Savo and Ostrobothnianemploy epenthesis instead, using the preceding vowel in clusters of type -l C - and -h C - and in Savo, -nh.
An exception is that in Pohjanmaa, -lj- and -rj- become -li- and -ri- respectively, e.epenthesis - the insertion of a vowel or consonant into a word to make its pronunciation easier; "the insertion of a vowel in the plural of the word `bush' is epenthesis" articulation - the aspect of pronunciation that involves bringing articulatory organs together so as to shape the sounds of speech.
Use of the term epenthesis implies an input-output mapping relationship in which the output contains more segmental material than the input. Other terms that are often used synonymously with epenthesis include “insertion,” “intrusion,” and “linking,” although the latter two may also be.
Epenthesis is a cover term for the insertion of any vocalic or consonantal sound. Since vowel epenthesis is further known as anaptyxis, epenthesis can be restrictively used to refer to just the intrusion of a stop in a consonant cluster: cf.
Lat. humerum > * homro > Spanish hombro ‘shoulder’. Epenthesis definition is - the insertion or development of a sound or letter in the body of a word (such as \ə\ in \ˈa-thə-ˌlēt\ athlete).
Did You Know? the insertion or development of a sound or letter in the body of a word (such as \ə\ in . In phonology and phonetics, epenthesis is the insertion of an extra sound into a word. Adjective: epenthetic. Verb: epenthesize.
Also known as intrusion or anaptyxis. According to some linguists, "vowel epenthesis is often motivated by the need to make consonant contrasts more distinct" (The Handbook of Speech Perception, ). Epenthesis arises for a variety of reasons.
The phonotactics of a given language may discourage vowels in hiatus or consonant clusters, and a consonant or vowel may be added to make pronunciation easier.. Epenthesis may be represented in writing or be a feature only of the spoken language.