First dose at 12 months, second dose at least 6 months thereafter Challenges and Concessions While school vaccination requirements have been credited with bringing about the control and elimination of many devastating childhood diseases, critics have continued to voice concerns and raise legal and political challenges to the entire process of mandatory vaccination. Personal Liberty Concerns One key argument against mandatory school vaccination has always focused on government intrusion into what is considered a personal medical choice. From a legal standpoint, Jacobson still seems to have settled the issue that at least under some circumstances, the government may force an individual to receive a vaccination. Although public health officials have the legal authority to mandate vaccination for the public health under Jacobson, they should be very mindful of the personal liberty concerns just stated.
Getty Images Advertisement Whooping cough, measles, mumps. These are the diseases that preyed on our parents' and grandparents' generations and that we thought were fading from existence.
In fact, all three diseases have seen a resurgence in the past decade. In Minnesota suffered a measles outbreak: In a large multistate measles outbreak started at a California amusement park, and many of those infected were unvaccinated children. These troubling events show that the failure to vaccinate children endangers both the health of children themselves as well as others who would not be exposed to preventable illness if the community as a whole were better protected.
Equally troubling, the number of deliberately unvaccinated children has grown large enough that it may be fueling more severe outbreaks. In a recent survey of more than 1, parents, one quarter held the mistaken belief that vaccines can cause autism in healthy children, and more than one in 10 had refused at least one recommended vaccine.
This sad state of affairs exists because parents have been persistently and insidiously misled by information in the press and on the Internet and because the health care system has not effectively communicated the counterarguments, which are powerful.
Physicians and other health experts can no longer just assume that parents will readily agree to childhood inoculations and leave any discussion about the potential risks and benefits to the last minute.
They need to be more proactive, provide better information and engage parents much earlier than is usually the case.
Peril of business as usual Right now pediatricians typically bring up the need for vaccines during the well-baby checkup held about two months after birth. That visit has a jam-packed agenda.
In the usual 20 minutes allotted for the appointment, the physician must learn the answers to many questions, of which the following are but a sample: How many times is the baby waking to feed at night? Is the child feeding well?
Where do measurements of height, weight and head circumference fall on a standard growth chart? Do the parents know how and when to introduce solid food and how to safely lay the child down to sleep?
Are various reflexes good? Can the sounds of a heart murmur be heard through the stethoscope? Are the hip joints fitting properly in their sockets, or are they dislocated?
Generally in the final seconds of the visit, assuming all has gone well up to this point, the doctor mentions the required schedule for six recommended inoculations: This is the point in the visit at which more and more pediatricians report a disheartening turn of events: A proper conversation that respects the reluctant parents' concerns, answers their questions and reassures them that the inoculations are indeed necessary—that countless studies by hundreds of researchers over many decades have shown that vaccinations save millions of lives—will likely take at least another 20 minutes.
Meanwhile, though, other families sit in the waiting room, itching for their own well-baby checkups to start. Having this discussion at the two-month well-baby visit is too late. By then, parents may have read about any issues on the Web or chatted with other moms and dads in the park.
Discussion with medical professionals should begin long before, usually during, or even prior to, the pregnancy. Fears and facts Although parents give many reasons for not wanting to vaccinate their children, we have noticed at least three recurring themes.Essay/Term paper: Vaccine Essay, term paper, research paper: Medicine.
If you need a custom term paper on Medicine: Vaccine, specialist formerly of America's 'National Institutes of Health' and 'Food and Drug Administration' says that "In several of the studies, the measles vaccine.
Papers refuting links between childhood vaccines and autism First, are the recent studies (involving hundreds of thousands of children) showing no link and cited in my recent PLOS Medicine paper that predicts Texas will soon have measles epidemics due to widespread non-medical exemptions: The papers refute both the MMR vaccine and thimerosal as having any role in autism.
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Modern Vaccine Anxiety in America Alice Ye Sparks Writing Contest March 22, 2 This essay looks at who the modern vaccine anxious parent is and how they have come into being. It illustrates that vaccine anxiety is an inevitable outcome of scientific debates that.
- A vaccine is a modern type of medicine that has been added to the world early on in life. It is mainly called a modern medicine because of how many lives it has saved throughout the world.
Vaccines go back to Ancient Greece, where they have been believed to originate.