Archaic globalization Archaic globalization conventionally refers to a phase in the history of globalization including globalizing events and developments from the time of the earliest civilizations until roughly the s.
Globalization refers to the historical process by which all the world's people increasingly come to live in a single social unit. It implicates religion and religions in several ways. From religious or theological perspectives, globalization calls forth religious response and interpretation.
Yet religion and religions have also played important roles in bringing about and characterizing globalization. Among the consequences of this implication for religion have been that globalization encourages religious pluralism. Religions identify themselves in relation to one another, and they become less rooted in particular places because of diasporas and transnational ties.
Globalization further provides fertile ground for a variety of noninstitutionalized religious manifestations and for the development of religion as a political and cultural resource. Globalization The term globalization is of quite recent provenance.
It first appeared in the business and sociological literature of the s, but by the end of the century it had become a broadly invoked expression in both academic and popular discourse around the world.
Along the way, it has acquired a variety of meanings that it is well to understand at the outset. They share the common element implied in the word: Among the variants, however, by far the most widespread sees globalization primarily in economic terms, referring mostly to more recent developments in the operation of global markets, capital, and multinational corporations.
A related view adds mass media and cultural components to the economic dimension, stressing the degree Globalization and religion which primarily Western, and especially American, firms have been spreading their products and way of life to all corners of the world.
Economic globalization therefore focuses on the ways that global capitalism incorporates the world's regions into a single system. The role of states informs a further perspective, one that concentrates on global or international political relations, usually with a parallel emphasis on the hegemonic power of Western countries.
Individual states, in this frame of analysis, appear as the primary actors in a globally extended system of such states.
In all of these versions, there are those variants that regard the process as a quite recent development and others that locate its beginnings decades and sometimes centuries in the past. There are also differences of opinion as to whether the process is generally good or mostly bad. Much of the literature is in fact quite critical, seeing the global as a kind of homogenizing imposition on the local, a development in which the strong, overtly or insidiously, presume their ways upon the comparatively weak, dominating or excluding the latter.
A further approach to globalization, however, looks at this contrast of the global and the local differently, laying less stress on homogenizing economic and political institutions that impose themselves from above and rather more on local and global movements, networks, and organizations that also contribute to making the world more of a single place, sometimes parallel to the more hegemonic institutions, sometimes in consonance with them, sometimes even in express opposition them.
This sort of globalization from below focuses on a wide variety of phenomena, from international nongovernmental organizations and networks among global migrants to antiglobalization, women's, and environmental movements.
In part to distinguish this sort of globalization from the economic and political kind, some literature speaks in this regard of the development of a transnational civil society. Moreover, perspectives of this sort stress the renewed importance of cultural differences under conditions of globalization.
The world is not just becoming the same; it is also becoming more pluralistic. It is almost exclusively under this meaning of globalization that religion appears as part of the process rather than as either irrelevant bystander or victim.
Various scholars have offered interpretative theories of globalization. Often these theories correspond closely to one of the dominant meanings of the term.
One finds, for instance, theories of the global capitalist economic system or of the global state political system. Several efforts, however, seek to incorporate the various meanings as different aspects of a single process, often thereby setting the global and the local in dialogical relation rather than in opposition to one another.
These approaches argue that local adaptations of globalized structures like capitalism, nationalism, or mass media are actually constitutive of the global; that globalization is not properly understood if we think of it only as a kind of imperialistic spread from one region to the rest of the world.
In other words, the particular ways that people in different parts of the world—including those in rich Western countries—have responded to the context of globalization are what globalization is all about. Global factors become global by being localized or particularized around the world, and the local thereby takes on potentially global or universal significance.
Among the many implications of such a perspective is that what are sometimes called?globalization and religion globalization and religion. Globalization refers to the historical process by which all the world's people increasingly come to live in a single social unit.
It implicates religion and religions in . Globalization has played a tremendous role in providing a context for the current considerable revival and the resurgence of religion. Today, most religions are not relegated to the few countries.
Nov 26, · Globalization vs. Traditional Religion Religious leaders interested in maintaining a vibrant flock would do well to adapt their message to this snowballing trend of globalization, which they. Globalization or globalisation is the process of interaction and integration between people, companies, and governments worldwide.
Globalization has grown due to advances in transportation and communication technology. With increased global interactions comes the growth of international trade, ideas, and culture. Globalization is primarily an. José Casanova is one of the world's top scholars in the sociology of religion.
He is a professor in the Departments of Sociology and Theology at Georgetown University and senior fellow at the Berkley Center, where his work focuses on globalization, religions, and secularization. Religion and Globalization IN THINKING ABOUT THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RELIGION and globalization these days, one of two views immediately comes to mind.
First, there is the way in which globalization flattens out cultural differences, erodes local customs and beliefs, and spreads a secular, capitalist way of life that.