I therefore decided to also develop a format for a quantitative research article. What are the different sections included in a scientific article? Note that journals might have their own requirements, but you can use this as a general guideline:
By using lectures, a case study and discussion of presentations of the students own research proposals, I try to familiarize them with the contents of a research proposal for a quantitative study. In I developed a first draft of a format and I have been adapting that ever since.
By publishing it here I hope that others students, researchers also can take advantage of it when writing their proposals. The Introduction should contain the following sections: This is a concise description of the nature of the problem the discrepancy between what is and what should be and of the size, distribution and severity of the problem who is affected, where, since when, and what are the consequences.
Rationale for the study: A brief description of any solutions to the problem that have been tried in the past should be given, how well they have worked, and why further research is needed. Significance of the study: This is a description of the type of information expected to result from the project and a clarification of how this information will be used to help solve the problem contribution to existing knowledge.
Objectives of the study, including the general objective general aim or purpose of the study which is derived from the research topic and specific objectives which are based on your general objective.
You should list the specific objectives to be achieved at the end of the study. This can either be in the form of a statement to determine, to compare, … or a research question. In the case of analytical or experimental studies, hypotheses could be stated instead of specific objectives.
Hypotheses are propositions about relationships between variables or differences between groups that are tested.
Define all the concepts in your title and objectives operationally, i. Define the dependent variable, the independent variable s and if relevant, the confounding variables. The Literature Review can either be a separate section or be part of the problem statement.
Use literature preferably journal articles from the country you are conducting your study in e. South Africaother countries in the same continent e. Describe for each study when it was conducted or publishedwhere it was conducted, who the participants were number, gender, age etc.
The Research methods section contains the following items: Select and explain the design of your study based on the research topic. State whether it is an observational study or an intervention study.
If it is an observational study, is it a descriptive study or an analytical study cross-sectional, case-control, cohort study. In case of an intervention study describe, if relevant, the method of randomization and concealment of treatment allocation.
Developing Your Dissertation Introduction Dissertation Proposal Writing Help Chances are that if you have successfully completed the dissertation steps needed for you to begin collecting dissertation data (i.e., choosing a dissertation topic and writing a dissertation proposal), you may be ready to begin writing various chapters you're your dissertation. Research comprises "creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humans, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications." It is used to establish or confirm facts, reaffirm the results of previous work, solve new or existing problems, support theorems, or develop new theories. See Chapter initiativeblog.com for additional guidance on the mentoring and data management plan requirements for collaborative proposals. NSF will combine the proposal submission for printing or electronic viewing. To submit the collaborative proposal, the following process must be completed: 29 (i) Each non-lead organization must assign their proposal a proposal PIN.
A brief description of the geography of the area, e. This all as far as this information is relevant to the problem being investigated. Study population and sampling: Define the study population e. In the case of an intervention study, describe the interventions that the treatment and control groups receive.
Based on your topic, research design and study population, identify the appropriate instrument s for data collection, such as: Describe the instrument s in detail including validity, reliability.The goal of a research proposal is to present and justify the need to study a research problem and to present the practical ways in which the proposed study should be conducted.
The design elements and procedures for conducting the research are governed by standards within the predominant discipline. This practical, hands-on guide helps beginning researchers create a mixed methods research proposal for their dissertations, grants, or general research studies.
A Concise Introduction to Mixed Methods Research (Sage Mixed Methods Research) [John W. Creswell] on initiativeblog.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. John W. Creswell’s A Concise Introduction to Mixed Methods Research is a brief overview of mixed methods research that takes readers through the essential steps in planning and designing a study.
Research Proposal Guidelines: APA Style - 2 Research Paper Guidelines Understanding the process that undergirds principles of research is a primary objective. FUNDING PROPOSAL.
S. Joseph Levine, Ph.D. Michigan State University East Lansing, Michigan USA ([email protected])) This Guide for Writing a Funding Proposal was created to help empower people to be successful in gaining funds for projects that provide worthwhile social service.
A major theme that runs throughout the Guide is a concern for the development of meaningful cooperative relationships. What is a PhD research proposal? A PhD research proposal is a statement of possible research that a student proposes to study during his/her PhD course.
Format for a quantitative research article. In November I posted a format that I developed for a quantitative research proposal on my website. A Concise Introduction to Mixed Methods Research (Sage Mixed Methods Research) [John W. Creswell] on initiativeblog.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. John W. Creswell’s A Concise Introduction to Mixed Methods Research is a brief overview of mixed methods research that takes readers through the essential steps in planning and designing a study. FUNDING PROPOSAL. S. Joseph Levine, Ph.D. Michigan State University East Lansing, Michigan USA ([email protected])) This Guide for Writing a Funding Proposal was created to help empower people to be successful in gaining funds for projects that provide worthwhile social service. A major theme that runs throughout the Guide is a concern for the development of meaningful cooperative relationships.