How to Write a Summary of an Article? The Psychodynamic Approach focuses on our mind soul and spirit and how our past can influence these aspects especially our childhood experiences and unresolved childhood conflicts can lead to anxiety and problems when older. Psychodynamic is very much about looking into our unconscious it also delves into how people deceive themselves as to our intentions desires and beliefs and how these deceptions can cause conflict between our expressed goals and our actions. Important aspects of Freudian theory has been the idea that these traumatic experiences are actively repressed and therefore clients are likely to repeat patterns of behaviours.
Types of therapy An A-Z of therapeutic approaches There are many ways of working or 'modalities' in counselling and psychotherapy. Therapists may be trained in one approach or use techniques from different methods if they think these would help a client.
Search our directory Therapist directory How to find a therapist Your choice of therapy may be limited depending on where and how you access it.
If you have a strong preference, you may wish to use a private therapist. Your relationship with your therapist is generally more important than the Person centred approach counselling psychodynamic therapy they use.
It is also known as individual psychology. Adlerian counsellors believe our experiences in early life, particularly within our families, affect the way we see the world and react to events.
Even if we are not aware of them, the logic and goals we develop as children still govern our behaviour when we are adults. Your counsellor will help you to understand why you behave in the way you do so you can find ways to act more effectively.
Adlerian therapy is a positive and encouraging approach that can help individuals, couples and families. It works well for anxiety and anti-social behaviours. Art therapy Art therapy is a form of psychotherapy which uses the creative process of making art to explore and communicate issues, feelings and emotions which may be too difficult or distressing to express in words.
It can also be used to relieve stress, improve your mental wellbeing and increase self-awareness or cope. Visual art therapy can include drawing, painting, photography and modelling and is used with individuals and groups of all ages.
Arts therapists are psychological therapists who have arts-based experience and training in psychological interventions using drama, music or art to help clients communicate feelings and emotions.
Person-centred therapy is compared to the psychodynamic approach defined by Hans Strupp and Jeffrey Binder. Their broad-based time-limited version is chosen because it is a precise manual ofhow to practise that has been assembled from 30 years of research and practice experience. The therapeutic intervention of immediacy used in the Person Centred Approach could be compared to the technique of transference used in the Psychodynamic Approach however; in the Person-Centred Approach, the emphasis on the present replaces the investigative perspective . A person enters person centered therapy in a state of incongruence. It is the role of the therapists to reverse this situation. Rogers () called his therapeutic approach client-centered or person-centered therapy because of the focus on Author: Saul Mcleod.
See also Creative therapy. B Behavioural therapy Behavioural therapies are based on the belief that your unwanted or unhealthy behaviours are a learned response to your past experiences. They focus on current problems and aim to help you learn new, more positive behaviours without having to analyse the past.
Behavioural therapy often works well for compulsive and obsessive behaviours, fears, phobias and addictions. Brief therapy Brief therapy is a short-term therapy which focuses on finding solutions and making positive changes rather than focusing on the past causes of problems. Your therapist will encourage you to look at what you do well, set goals and work out how to achieve them.
This type of therapy can be effective in just three or four sessions. C Coaching Coaching supports individuals, teams or groups in achieving greater self-awareness, improved self-management skills and increased self-efficacy, so that you can develop your own goals and solutions.
It is a collaborative, conversation-based process, which emphasises and builds on your existing and developing strengths. It is often focused on supporting you in making changes, either to how things are at present or to your near and distant future.
Sessions may be quite structured and directional or interactive, and can last up to three hours. Coaching may follow a specific model, but many coaches integrate more than one model, along with elements of therapeutic approaches such as person-centred, solution focused or CBT.
Cognitive analytic therapy CAT CAT looks at your past experiences and relationships to understand why you think, feel and act as you do. It relies on forming a trusting relationship with your therapist, who will help you make sense of your situation and find new, healthier ways to cope with your problems.
CAT is a time-limited therapy, typically lasting around 16 weeks. Rather than looking at past causes, it focuses on current problems and practical solutions to help you feel better now. The way we think about situations affects the way we feel and behave. If we view a situation negatively, we may experience negative emotions and feelings which lead us to behave in an unhelpful way.
Your therapist will help you identify and challenge any negative thinking so you can deal with situations better and behave in a more positive way CBT can be helpful for depression, anxiety, stress, phobias, obsessions, eating disorders and managing long term conditions. Cognitive therapy Cognitive therapy is based on the theory that your previous experiences can damage your perception of yourself, which can affect your attitudes, emotions and your ability to deal with certain situations.
It can help you to identify, question and change poor mental images of yourself, so guiding you away from negative responses and behaviour. It can help pessimistic or depressed people to view things from a more optimistic perspective. Creative therapy Creative therapy includes a wide range of techniques which can help you find a way of expressing yourself beyond words or traditional talking therapies.
It can include visual arts therapy, writing, sand play, dance movement therapy, drama therapy and music therapy. Therapists may use different approaches at different times to suit the needs of the client.
Creative therapists are psychological therapists who have arts-based experience and training in psychological interventions using drama, music or art to help clients communicate feelings and emotions. E Eclectic counselling An eclectic counsellor will use a range of different theories, methods and practices according to an individual client's needs.
This is based on their belief that no particular theoretical approach works better than all others for a specific problem.Another clear difference in the two is the way that gender is addressed, psychodynamic counsellors see men and women as psychologically different due the theory of the Oedipus complex yet person centred does not emphasised gender,therefore psychodynamic approach has been criticised for being phallo-centric.
Person-centered therapy, also known as person-centered psychotherapy, person-centered counseling, client-centered therapy and Rogerian psychotherapy, is a form of psychotherapy developed by psychologist Carl Rogers beginning in the s and extending into the s. The therapeutic intervention of immediacy used in the Person Centred Approach could be compared to the technique of transference used in the Psychodynamic Approach however; in the Person-Centred Approach, the emphasis on the present replaces the investigative perspective .
What is the Person-Centred Approach? The Person-Centred Approach developed from the work of the psychologist Dr. Carl Rogers ( – ). He advanced an approach to psychotherapy and counselling that, at the time (s – s), was considered extremely radical if not revolutionary.
A person enters person centered therapy in a state of incongruence. It is the role of the therapists to reverse this situation. Rogers () called his therapeutic approach client-centered or person-centered therapy because of the focus on Author: Saul Mcleod.
In contrast, the person-centred approach is a recently emergent humanistic school of therapy, gaining prominence in the ss, developed by the American psychologist Carl Rogers. Born of different historical eras and of different philosophical groundings, these approaches contrast in many ways.