Thomas Hobbes, the younger, had a brother Edmund, about two years older, and a sister. The family was left in the care of Thomas Sr.
Two hours and fifteen to twenty minutes Thomas Hobbes. Overview Thomas Hobbes April 5, —December 4, and John Locke August 29, —October 28,although in agreement in some of their assertions about human nature and the need for government, held radically different perspectives about the ability of people to govern themselves.
A number of American founders, familiar with both political philosophers, favored the ideas of Locke, particularly the assertions that men had natural rights, rulers should derive their authority from the consent of the governed, and the governed had the right to overthrow governments that abused their rights.
This module is designed to introduce students to the political thought of both men and serves as a bridge to future lessons concerning the Declaration of Independence, the U. S Constitution, and other foundational documents. Compare and contrast their beliefs about the state of nature, the best type of government, and the nature of the social contract.
Explain the concepts of popular sovereignty, consent of the governed, and the social contract, and how these concepts influenced the American Revolution and founding documents like the Declaration of Independence and the U.
Prerequisite knowledge The module was written to enable students to have contextual knowledge for understanding the creation of the American political system. The assumption is that students will have no prior knowledge of Hobbes and Locke. Basic understanding of terms and concepts such as sovereignty, consent, order, and liberty is assumed.
Human nature, good or bad? Upon entering the classroom, students are asked to complete the task below, posted on the whiteboard estimated time, ten to fifteen minutes: Write a short paragraph answering the following question: This is an opinion question, and your response will not be categorized as correct or incorrect.
Students then are randomly asked to share their answers.
Follow-up questions may be utilized to help students think more deeply about the initial question. The political philosophies of Hobbes and Locke Introduce students to the political thought of Hobbes and Locke through succinctly describing basic biographical information about each man and the major event s that influenced their respective perspectives on government estimated time, five to eight minutes.
For Hobbes, the English Civil War significantly shaped his worldview. In response, he developed a political philosophy that emphasized three key concepts: He developed a philosophy that emphasized three points: If a government fails to protect the natural rights of its citizens or if it breaks the social contract, the people are entitled to rebel against the government and create a new one.
Circulate throughout the room checking student progress and clarifying questions and explaining vocabulary if needed estimated time, forty-five minutes to one hour. All primary source materials and accompanying questions are included in Appendix 1 and available at this link. Augment and expand upon student answers by stressing that although the statement is not present in the primary source readings, Hobbes believed a government headed by an absolute monarch could ensure enforcement of the social contract, and therefore suggested hereditary monarchs be allowed to rule with absolute authority.
The founders rejected this assertion. The teacher will emphasize during this section that Locke believed a constitutional government that ruled through the consent of the governed and popular sovereignty was needed. Bill of Rights Institute: Viewing Guide for Constitutional Principle Video: Define "consent of the governed" in your own words and give a contemporary example.
Go back to the Locke primary source document. Find passages in Locke that defend the idea of "consent of the governed. What do you identify as the key difference between the two? Recall what you know about the Declaration of Independence.
Summative evaluation Instructors can include summative evaluation questions on graded tests or examinations. The lecture on Hobbes indicates his quite modern and novel—for the day—arguments about why people should support the state.
The lectures may be accessed at Civiced: Unit 1 Thomas Hobes and John Locke. Resources and References Yale National Initiative: Thomas Hobbes and John Locke:Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes is a good collection of essays on subjects like matter, form and the power of a commonwealth.
Hobbes describes sovereignty as the artificial soul with joints and members who do the duty of nerves as in the human body.
A study/reference guide to Hobbes' political philosophy, including primary and secondary sources, multimedia, and an introduction to his life and thought. This course is intended as an introduction to political philosophy as seen through an examination of some of the major texts and thinkers of the Western political tradition.
Many of Hobbes and Locke’s general arguments over the proper structure of the state derives from their views on human nature. Thomas Hobbes, for instance, believed that humans were self-interested and only concerned with doing things that benefited themselves instead of others.
1. Major Political Writings. Hobbes wrote several versions of his political philosophy, including The Elements of Law, Natural and Politic (also under the titles Human Nature and De Corpore Politico) published in , De Cive () published in English as Philosophical Rudiments Concerning Government and Society in , the English Leviathan published in , and its Latin revision in Political philosophy is the study of fundamental questions about the state, government, politics, liberty, justice and the enforcement of a legal code by initiativeblog.com is Ethics applied to a group of people, and discusses how a society should be set up and how one should act within a society.
Individual rights (such as the right to life, liberty, property, the pursuit of happiness, free speech.