Why was the treaty of versailles

As the conflict progressed, additional countries from around the globe became drawn into the conflict on both sides.

Why was the treaty of versailles

The Paris Peace Conference opened on Jan.

Why was the treaty of versailles

The delegations of 27 nations harassed the Great Powers with their various and conflicting complaints and demands. Woodrow Wilson to arrange a general armistice in Octoberit declared that it accepted the Fourteen Points he had formulated as the basis for a just peace.

Treaty of Versailles - HISTORY

The first three in particular made the important decisions. None of the defeated nations had any say in shaping the treaty, and even the associated Allied powers played only a minor role. The German delegates were presented with a fait accompli. They were shocked at the severity of the terms and protested the contradictions between the assurances made when the armistice was negotiated and the actual treaty.

The population and territory of Germany was reduced by about 10 percent by the treaty. In the west, Alsace and Lorraine were returned to France, and the Saarland was placed under the supervision of the League of Nations until In the north, three small areas were given to Belgiumand, after a plebiscite in Schleswignorthern Schleswig was returned to Denmark.

The war guilt clause of the treaty deemed Germany the aggressor in the war and consequently made Germany responsible for making reparations to the Allied nations in payment for the losses and damage they had sustained in the war.

Although economists at the time declared that such a huge sum could never be collected without upsetting international finances, the Allies insisted that Germany be made to pay, and the treaty permitted them to take punitive actions if Germany fell behind in its payments.

The Big Four, especially Clemenceau, wanted to make sure that Germany would never again pose a military threat to the rest of Europe, and the treaty contained a number of stipulations to guarantee this aim.

Related Questions

The German army was restricted tomen; the general staff was eliminated; the manufacture of armoured cars, tanks, submarines, airplanes, and poison gas was forbidden; and only a small number of specified factories could make weapons or munitions.

All of Germany west of the Rhine and up to 30 miles 50 km east of it was to be a demilitarized zone. The forced disarmament of Germany, it was hoped, would be accompanied by voluntary disarmament in other nations.

Economic sanctions would be applied against any member who resorted to war. The league was to supervise mandated territories, the occupied Saar Basin, and Danzig and to formulate plans for reducing armaments. Numerous concessions were made to Germany before the rise of Adolf Hitlerand by only the territorial settlement articles remained.

Article of the Treaty of Versailles - Wikipedia

Many historians claim that the combination of a harsh treaty and subsequent lax enforcement of its provisions paved the way for the upsurge of German militarism in the s.

The huge German reparations and the war guilt clause fostered deep resentment of the settlement in Germany, and when Hitler remilitarized the Rhineland in a violation of the treatythe Allies did nothing to stop him, thus encouraging future German aggression.

Learn More in these related Britannica articles:Treaty of Versailles, peace document signed at the end of World War I by the Allied and associated powers and by Germany in the Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles, France, on June 28, ; it took force on January 10, The Treaty of Versailles, After four years of devastating fighting, the First World War came to an end in in Versailles.

The treaty, which represented “peace” for some and a “diktat” for others, also sowed the seeds of the Second World War, which woild break out twenty years later.

The Versailles Treaty was not significant to the war as much as it was significant to the postwar era. In the Versailles Treaty, Germany had to accept all of the blame for WWI and had to pay the. The Treaty of Versailles established a blueprint for the postwar world.

Why was the treaty of versailles

One of the most controversial terms of the treaty was the War Guilt clause, which explicitly and directly blamed Germany for the outbreak of hostilities. The Treaty of Versailles contributed greatly to the alienation many Germans felt about their civilian, democratic government.

Combined with the actions of the military, this provided rich material Hitler used to gain the support on the right. Oct 29,  · Watch video · Treaty of Versailles World War I officially ended with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles on June 28, Negotiated among the Allied powers with little participation by Germany, its 15 parts and articles reassigned German boundaries and assigned liability for reparations.

Treaty of Versailles - Wikipedia